By: Ana Muñoz Garcia
Already in the countdown for Brexit referendum the UK is witnessing an accelerated confrontation between the in-campaign and the advocates to leave. No matter what effort Prime Minister David Cameron has done to outline how Britain would be stronger in, polls foresee tight results for the 23rd . Personalities such as Sadiqh Khan or Jeremy Corbyn have actively encouraged citizens to vote for stay, still the in-campaign has had different and sometimes opposed political views -namely those of Premier Cameron and Labour leader Corbyn.
But what are arguments used by each side of this contest? If still without any clue on what to vote, here’s a recap.
5 Reasons to stay
1. Britain has greater influence inside Europe. As part of a 500 million economy, Britain has greater influence over international matters. Britain risks losing some of its negotiating power by leaving the EU.
2. Negotiations with EU would allow Britain to retain more sovereignty. Britain has proved that it can opt out of EU policies it considers counterintuitive, such as the euro, the Schengen Agreement and enforced migrant quotas. The negotiations between Prime Minister David Cameron, European leaders and Donald Tusk have proved fructiferous for Britain which conquered the emergency brake, and the exemption for an “ever closer union”. In addition, in return for agreeing to abide by EU rules Britain sees its voice amplified on the world stage.
3. A united Europe would best respond to threats. A union better equips Britain to tackle threats to security, including terrorism and cross-border crime. Britain would be able to best cope with security threats and immigration challenges as part of a broader union, benefitting from intra-EU information sharing and police cooperation. Senior British military figures have supported this idea, arguing that EU is an increasingly important pillar of security in UK.
4. Britain benefits from EU trade deals. Membership in the EU gives Britain the strength to negotiate favourable trade agreements with countries around the world. In the case of United States, President Obama expressed his concern warning voters that it could take up to a decade to strike a trade deal with the United States from outside the European Union. He added that the first priority for the US now would be to complete ongoing talks on a trade deal with the EU. One must mention the EU is currently negotiating with the US to create the “world’s biggest free trade area”, something that could be an advantage for British business.
5. Many jobs in Britain are linked to EU membership. Millions of jobs linked to Britain’s membership would be put at risk. Even those which are not directly linked to membership in EU but are dependent on trade and investment could be affected if these two factors fell after Brexit. Also, limiting freedom of movement would prevent the “brightest and the best” of the continent from moving to Britain. Thus, the pool of candidates among which employers can choose would be reduced. British workers seeking job opportunities in EU countries would encounter difficulties too.
5 Reasons to leave
1. Britain would be able to establish its own international agreements. EU membership limits Britain’s international influence, ruling out an independent seat at the World Trade Organisation. Britain would now be able to establish new trade agreement regardless of European interests and seeking on its own advantage.
2. Britain would be able to set its own rules. Britain would have more control of its laws and regulations, without risk of having counterintuitive policies forcefully imposed. However, if Britain wants access to the single market it would have to stick up to its rules. Britain would not retain full sovereignty: the British government would still be bound by membership to NATO, the UN and WTO.
3. Britain would have less immigration. Leaders such as Nigel Farage have outlined it as the most important factor in their campaign, arguing that immigration should be cut dramatically, and the leaving the EU is the only way to “regain control of our borders”. As a result of membership to EU Britain cannot prevent anyone from another member state coming to live in the country.
4. Greater border control. In the eventual case of Brexit Britain would be able to prevent European immigrants from entering the country, and also to best exert greater border control.
5. Trade, following the lead of Norway? In order not to lose all benefits of the European Single Market Nigel Farage has argued Britain could follow the lead of Norway, which has access to it but is not bound by EU laws on areas such as agriculture, justice and home affairs. However, some European leaders have assured this divorce would not be possible: the pack would have to be either accepted or rejected as a whole. Boris Johnson brought about the possibility of a Canadian-style trade agreement, but the option was quickly dismissed by the Prime Minister since it would imply “years of painful negotiations and a poorer deal than we have today”.
This week is be decisive for the referendum. Street campaigns and civil platforms are fighting to attract floating voters, and although polls give a tight victory to inners former London Mayor Boris Johnson and UKIP leader Nigel Farage have not given up yet. They accuse Premier Cameron from using Jo Cox murder as a political tool to launch his campaign.
54% of Europeans want Britain to remain in the EU. Foreign affairs ministers from all over the EU have warned “there is no turning back from Brexit”.
Ana Muñoz García, oriunda de Linares, cursa el segundo año del grado de Relaciones Internacionales en la Universidad Rey Juan Carlos de Madrid .
Desde muy pequeña mostró gran interés en los idiomas y en viajar, lo que la llevó a optar por el terreno de lo internacional. Enamorada también de las letras, especialmente de la filosofía y la política, decidió en 2015 iniciar sus estudios jurídicos.
Las grandes pasiones que para ella suponen la literatura, el aprendizaje, el contacto con otras culturas y sobre todo el periodismo, la impulsaron a colaborar con el periódico El Internacionalista, en el que actualmente la vemos escribir mensualmente.
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